18 Interesting Animals in Greece – You Might Not Know

Greece, a nation steeped in ancient history and stunning landscapes, is also home to a variety of interesting animals. The diverse ecosystems support a range of animal species, including the elusive Eurasian lynx, the endangered loggerhead sea turtle nesting on its beaches, and the indigenous Kri-Kri goat that navigates the rocky terrain of Crete.

interesting animals in Greece

In the list of interesting animals in Greece, one of the most interesting animals is the elusive brown bear that roams, representing one of Europe’s rarest large mammals. Greece’s avian population is equally captivating, with the lammergeier, or bearded vulture, soaring over the Pindus mountain range.

The Prespa Lakes provide a sanctuary for rare bird species like the Dalmatian pelican. Despite facing challenges, Greece is actively involved in conservation efforts to protect its endangered species.

For example, The Mediterranean monk seal, one of the rarest marine mammals globally, finds refuge along the coastline in Greece.

interesting animals in Greece

Whether it’s hiking, birdwatching, or marine exploration, Greece’s national parks provide a diverse range of outdoor activities, promising an unforgettable experience for nature enthusiasts and adventurers alike.

Where to Look for Interesting Animals in Greece – (With Interesting Pictures of Greek Animals )

Greece has rich wildlife which is thriving in its vast, and mesmerizing landscapes. The lush Pindus mountain range is a haven for rare mammals like the elusive brown bear, while birdwatchers can delight in the avian wonders of Prespa Lakes.

Moreover, there are many other interesting animals in Greece, that are worth exploring. In this blog, we have gathered 15 interesting animals in Greece, and the best places to find them.

European Bison

The European Bison, also known as Bison bonasus or the Wisent, is an intriguing and significant species that once roamed across much of Europe. This is the largest land animal and herbivore in nature.

European bison are characterized by their formidable size and distinctive hump and primarily inhabit dense and pristine woodlands, as well as open meadows.

interesting animals in Greece

Moreover, These interesting animals in Greece weigh around 900 kilograms and have a height reaching up to 1.9 meters at the shoulder.

In Greece, European Bison can be spotted in the Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli Forest National Park. Despite their remarkable presence, this interesting animal speciesfaces threats that have led to their classification as “Near Threatened” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Conservation efforts aim to combat habitat loss, poaching, and genetic issues that challenge the European Bison population.

Do you know?

In Greece, the European Bison has found a second chance at survival. Reintroduction initiatives have been undertaken in the Rhodope Mountains, marking their presence in this Mediterranean country.

European Wildcat

The European Wildcat, Felis silvestris silvestris, stands as one of the interesting animals in Greece, particularly in its natural habitat of dense forests, scrublands, and remote woodlands.

These interesting animals in Greece are widely distributed across Europe, including regions of Greece. European Wild cats showcase a robust build, weighing around 6 to 8 kilograms, with a body length ranging from 60 to 90 centimeters, excluding their bushy tails.

interesting animals in Greece

In Greece, the Pindus mountain range and other wooded areas provide ideal environments to spot these interesting animals. These wild animals are classified as “Least Concern” on the IUCN Red List, their populations are threatened by habitat loss, human-wildlife conflict, and hybridization with domestic cats.

Conservation efforts, especially in Greece, focus on preserving habitats and implementing strategies to mitigate the risks these wild animals are facing.

Red Deer

The Red Deer, scientifically known as Cervus elaphus, is an interesting and widespread animal found in various regions, including Greece. These interesting animals inhabit diverse ecosystems such as woodlands, meadows, and mountainous areas.

interesting animals in Greece

Known for their adaptability, Red Deer is also found in grasslands, tundra, and even semi-desert environments. Adult males, or stags, typically weigh between 350 to 530 pounds, standing around 3.3 to 4.3 feet at the shoulder, showcasing their impressive size.

In Greece, Red Deer are commonly spotted in national parks and protected areas, particularly in regions with dense forests and ample grazing grounds. Olympus National Park and the Pindus Mountains are notable locations where enthusiasts can witness these fascinating animals in their natural habitat.

As per the IUCN Red List, the conservation status of Red Deer is listed as “Least Concern,” but localized threats such as habitat loss and hunting pose challenges to their long-term survival

Brown Bears

The Brown Bears (Ursus arctos) are dangerous animals, and are one of the most interesting animals in Greece, particularly thriving in its mountainous landscapes. These native animals find their natural habitat in dense forests, high-altitude meadows, and remote mountainous regions.

interesting animals in Greece

Brown Bears are known for their adaptability, and aside from Greece, they inhabit a broad range of ecosystems across Europe, Asia, and North America. Adult bears can weigh between 200 to 1,500 pounds, and their size varies with subspecies and geographic location.

In Greece, the Pindus mountain range is a prime location to spot Brown Bears in the wild. Preserving a viable population, these bears play a crucial role in the country’s biodiversity.

The IUCN Red List categorizes the Brown Bear as “Least Concern” globally, indicating it as a protected species. However, in isolated regions, particularly in southern Europe, their populations are at risk due to habitat fragmentation, poaching, and human-wildlife conflict.

Conservation efforts in Greece aim to address these challenges and ensure the continued existence of this charismatic species.

Nestos Delta

The Nestos Delta, situated in northern Greece, is a mesmerizing natural wonder. This expansive deltaic ecosystem, with its intricate network of water channels, lagoons, and marshlands, forms a crucial habitat for diverse flora and fauna.

Nestos Delta

The delta is renowned for its rich biodiversity, hosting a myriad of bird species, including flamingos, herons, and cormorants, making it a haven for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts.

Visitors can explore the delta through guided tours, boat excursions, and hiking trails, immersing themselves in the beauty and ecological significance of this unique natural landscape.

Cretan Ibex

The Cretan Ibex, scientifically known as Capra aegagrus cretica, is an intriguing and endemic species found in the mountainous landscapes of Crete, Greece. These interesting animals in Greece thrive in rugged terrains.

They are agile herbivores who navigate cliffs and rocky slopes, displaying remarkable adaptability to their natural habitat.

interesting animals in Greece

Cretan Ibex is primarily restricted to Crete, making the island a unique destination for wildlife enthusiasts. The Adult males, or bucks, weigh between 60 to 80 kilograms, with distinctive backward-curving horns that add to their impressive stature.

To spot these interesting animals in Greece, one must venture into the mountainous regions of Crete, with Samaria Gorge and the White Mountains serving as notable habitats.

Despite their localized distribution, Cretan Ibex faces conservation concerns, and their population status is categorized as “Endangered Species” on the IUCN Red List.

These are native species, and face threats that include habitat fragmentation, overgrazing by domestic animals, and the risk of disease transmission, emphasizing the need for conservation initiatives.

Feral Goat

The Feral Goat, a captivating and interesting animal in Greece, thrives in a variety of habitats, from rugged mountainous terrains to coastal cliffs. These goats are known for their adaptability and can be found in grasslands, forests, and even semi-arid regions.

interesting animals in Greece

Generally weighing between 45 to 100 kilograms and standing around 70 to 90 centimeters at the shoulder, Feral Goats exhibit a sturdy build with distinctive curved horns.

In Greece, these remarkable creatures are commonly spotted in regions like the Pindus Mountains and on some of the country’s picturesque islands, such as Crete.

While Feral Goats are not specifically assessed on the IUCN Red List, their wild counterparts, the wild goat (Capra aegagrus), are classified as “Least Concern.” However, feral populations are facing challenges, particularly on islands, where their uncontrolled numbers can lead to overgrazing and ecosystem imbalances.

Conservation efforts in Greece focus on managing these populations to maintain a balance between their presence and the preservation of the local environment.

The Mediterranean Monk Seal

The Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus) is one of the most interesting animals in Greece, with a natural habitat primarily along the Mediterranean Sea, including the Aegean and Ionian Seas.

interesting animals in Greece

These endangered animals are renowned for their distinct appearance, characterized by a round face and large, expressive eyes, these seals can also be found in other parts of the Mediterranean, such as Turkey and the islands of Cyprus and Crete.

Weighing between 240 to 300 kilograms, and measuring around 2.4 meters in length, these marine mammals are notable for their streamlined bodies, adapted for swift swimming.

In Greece, the rugged and secluded beaches of the Sporades Islands, like Alonissos, serve as critical breeding and resting grounds for the Mediterranean Monk Seal.

The IUCN Red List classifies them as “Endangered species,” primarily due to habitat degradation, human disturbance, and accidental entanglement in fishing gear. Conservation efforts in Greece and neighboring countries aim to mitigate these threats and ensure the survival of this captivating marine species.

The Beluga Whale

The Beluga Whale (Delphinapterus leucas), known for its striking white coloration and expressive features, inhabits the Arctic and subarctic regions, making it an intriguing addition to discussions about interesting animals.

These whales thrive in the icy waters of the Arctic Ocean, Hudson Bay, and the Bering Sea, showcasing their adaptability to cold climates. Despite their Arctic dominance, some populations of Beluga Whales can also be found in subarctic waters, including the Sea of Okhotsk and the St. Lawrence River in Canada.

interesting animals in Greece

Beluga Whales are characterized by their distinctive bulbous forehead, known as a melon, and can reach lengths of up to 16 feet and weigh between 1,100 to 3,500 kilograms.

While these whales are not native to Greek waters, they can occasionally be spotted in aquariums or marine parks, offering visitors a chance to witness their grace and intelligence. Currently, the conservation status of Beluga Whales varies among populations.

While some are labeled as “Least Concern,” certain subpopulations, especially those in the Sea of Okhotsk, face threats due to habitat degradation, pollution, and climate change

Humpback Whale

The Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) is a captivating marine giant found worldwide, including the waters around Greece. These whales are known for their acrobatic displays and distinctive long pectoral fins, humpbacks typically inhabit oceans, seas, and coastal areas.

interesting animals in Greece

In addition to their presence in the North Atlantic and Antarctic Oceans, they can be spotted in the Mediterranean Sea, making them interesting animals in Greece. Humpback Whales are among the larger cetaceans, with adults reaching lengths of 12 to 16 meters and weighing between 25 to 30 metric tons.

In Greece, particularly in the waters of the Aegean and Ionian Seas, these magnificent creatures can be observed during their migration. Coastal regions near the island of Crete and the Peloponnese Peninsula are known hotspots for whale-watching enthusiasts.

Despite their global distribution, Humpback Whales face threats such as entanglement in fishing gear, ship strikes, and the impacts of climate change. The IUCN Red List currently categorized them as “Least Concern,” but continued conservation efforts are essential to safeguard their populations worldwide.

Loggerhead Sea Turtle

The Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta), one of the most interesting animals in Greece, inhabits the warm waters of the Mediterranean, including the Aegean and Ionian Seas.

These turtles can be recognized for their distinctive large heads and powerful jaws, these sea turtles showcase a unique physiological design for their aquatic lifestyle.

interesting animals in Greece

Loggerheads are known to travel extensively and can be found in various parts of the world, including the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Weighing between 70 to 150 kilograms and measuring around 70 to 95 centimeters in carapace length, these turtles possess a robust physique.

Greece, particularly the sandy beaches of Zakynthos, Kefalonia, and the Peloponnese, serves as crucial nesting sites for Loggerheads. Despite their widespread presence, these interesting animals in Greece are classified as “Endangered Animals” on the IUCN Red List.

Some major challenges these interesting animals are facing include habitat loss, accidental bycatch in fishing gear, and climate change which impacts their nesting grounds and food sources.

Cretan Spiny Mouse

The Cretan Spiny Mouse is scientifically known as the (Acomys minous). They are one of the most interesting animals in Greece, specifically on the island of Crete. Thriving in a diverse range of habitats, these small rodents are often found in rocky areas, shrublands, and agricultural landscapes.

interesting animals in greece

Apart from Crete, they are also known to inhabit other Greek islands and parts of the eastern Mediterranean region. Weighing approximately 40 to 60 grams, with a body length of around 12 to 15 centimeters, these mice possess a distinctive appearance.

These rodents can be characterized by a spiky fur coat, providing them with a unique and endearing physique. To observe the Cretan Spiny Mouse in its natural environment, explorers can venture into the rocky terrains and vegetation-rich areas of Crete.

Additionally, the conservation status of these mice is not extensively documented. However, their survival may be affected by habitat alteration and potential threats from introduced species.

The Balkan Lynx

The Balkan Lynx are one of the most interesting animals in Greece and are medium-sized wild cats. Scientifically known as Lynx lynx balcanicus, primarily inhabits the dense forests and mountainous terrains of the Pindus and Rhodope mountain ranges.

interesting animals in Greece

This subspecies of the Eurasian lynx is also found in neighboring countries like Albania, North Macedonia, and Bulgaria. Weighing around 18 to 30 kilograms and measuring approximately 90 to 110 centimeters in length, excluding the tail.

The Balkan Lynx possesses a robust and agile physique, well-adapted for navigating its rugged habitat. In Greece, the Vikos-Aoos National Park and the Northern Pindus National Park offer potential locations to spot the Balkan Lynx.

However, these interesting animals are listed as “Critically Endangered” on the IUCN Red List, their population is dwindling due to habitat fragmentation, poaching, and a decline in prey species. Conservation initiatives and habitat protection are crucial for safeguarding the future of the Balkan Lynx.

Wild Boar

The Wild Boar is among the interesting animals in Greece, thriving in diverse habitats ranging from dense forests to open woodlands and grasslands. This adaptable species extends beyond Greece, populating a vast range from Europe and Asia to North Africa.

interesting animals in Greece

Scientifically known as Sus scrofa, and can recognized for their robust physique, these boars exhibit a sturdy build with a distinctive humped back and a coat of bristly fur. Adult males can weigh between 50 to 90 kilograms and boast formidable tusks.

In Greece, these interesting animals in Greece are commonly found in national parks like Parnitha and Rhodope, where dense vegetation provides ample cover.

On the IUCN red list of threatened species, these wild boars are listed as “Least Concern,” However, locally, overhunting and habitat loss pose threats to their populations.


Robins are one of the most widespread animals in Greece and are known for their charming red breasts. While they typically inhabit woodlands, gardens, and shrubbery, their adaptability allows them to thrive in diverse environments, ranging from urban areas to remote countryside.

interesting animals in Greece

These interesting animals weigh between 16 to 22 grams and measure around 12 centimeters in length, these small birds exhibit a compact physique with distinctive plumage.

In Greece, particularly during the winter months, European Robins migrate to escape colder climates. The lush landscapes of the Greek islands, such as Crete and Rhodes, offer ideal spots to observe these delightful birds.

Moreover, like many avian species, they face threats from habitat loss, climate change, and pesticide use.

Fallow Deer

The Fallow Deer scientifically known as Dama dama. These interesting animals in Greece thrive in diverse habitats ranging from mixed woodlands to open grasslands. Originating from Western Asia and the eastern Mediterranean, Fallow Deer have been introduced to various regions, including Europe, North America, and Australia.

interesting animals in greece

Weighing between 50 to 150 kilograms, with a height of approximately 85 to 160 centimeters at the shoulder, these deer showcase distinctive palmate antlers in males and a dappled coat in various hues.

In Greece, Fallow Deer thrives in national parks and forested areas, such as the Parnitha National Park near Athens and the Rhodope Mountains. Additionally, on the IUCN red list of threatened species, these interesting animals are listed as “Least Concern,” indicating their stable population.

However, in localized regions, habitat loss, and competition with other herbivores pose threats to their population.

The Mute Swan

The Mute Swan scientifically known as Cygnus olor graces the waterways of Greece, adding to the list of interesting animals in Greece. These elegant swans are commonly found in freshwater habitats such as lakes, ponds, and slow-flowing rivers, creating picturesque scenes with their long necks and pristine white plumage.

interesting animals in greece

These swans are native to Europe and Asia, Mute Swans have been introduced to various parts of North America and Australia. Weighing between 10 to 12 kilograms and measuring around 1.5 to 1.7 meters in length, with a wingspan of up to 2.4 meters, Mute Swans exhibit a regal and graceful physique.

In Greece, Mute Swans are often spotted in serene lakes such as Lake Kastoria and Lake Pamvotis. The IUCN Red List categorizes them as of “Least Concern.” However, localized threats such as habitat degradation and human disturbance can impact their populations.

Do you know? The mute swan has mute in its name, as it is less vocal than other swan species.

The Dolphin – National Animal of Greece

The Dolphin, designated as the national animal of Greece, holds a special place in the country’s cultural and natural heritage. Known for their intelligence, agility, and playful demeanor, dolphins are truly interesting animals in Greece.

interesting animals in Greece

The Aegean and Ionian Seas, surrounding the Greek mainland and islands, are home to various dolphin species, including the common dolphin and bottlenose dolphin.

These enchanting marine mammals are frequently spotted by travelers and locals alike during boat excursions and cruises, offering a unique opportunity to witness their captivating behaviors in their natural habitat.

The Little Owl – National Bird of Greece

The Little Owl, designated as the national bird of Greece, stands out as one of the most interesting animals in the country. Scientifically known as Athene noctua, this charismatic bird is a symbol of wisdom and protection in Greek folklore

interesting animals in greece

With distinctive plumage featuring brown and white patterns, and expressive yellow eyes, the Little Owl is often found in a variety of habitats, including farmlands, orchards, and rocky landscapes. Its endearing appearance and active nocturnal behavior make it a favorite among birdwatchers.

Frequently Asked Questions about Interesting Animals in Greece

What is a unique animal in Greece?

Cretan Spiny Mouse is a unique animal in Greece.

What is Greece’s national animal?

The dolphin is the national animal of Greece.

What predators are in Greece?

Brown bears, wolves, wildcats, martens, wild boars, lynx, and deer are some interesting predators in Greece.

Does Greece have wild animals?

Bears, wild cats, brown squirrels, jackals, wolves, foxes, deer and lynxes are wild and interesting animals in Greece.

Olivia Kepner