Where Are The Best Bengal Florican Reserves In The World?

A lot of wildlife across the world is quickly becoming endangered and then extinct. This is often caused by the damage to their habitat or lack of food sources. 

Where Are The Best Bengal Florican Reserves In The World?

The Bengal Florican is no stranger to the damage of being an endangered species. This bird has been placed in protected reserves in areas across the world.

These reserves work to protect their species, habitat, and food sources for their survival. 

In this article, we discuss where the best Bengal Florican reserves are located across the world.

We also discuss what they do to help these defenseless animals stay on our planet. 

Let’s get into it!

What Are Bengal Floricans?

The Bengal Florican, more commonly known as the Bengal Bustard, is a species native to Cambodia and Vietnam.

Due to the fact that as of 2017, it was predicted that less than 1,000 people were still living, it is classified as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

Male Bengal Floricans are black from the head down to the wings. There is a large white patch on the wings that converts to the remiges.

When in flight, the wings can look completely white except for small black remnants. 

Female Bengal Floricans are a buff-brown color that is similar to the male’s back. Her wing coverts have delicate dark barring and are lighter than the remiges.

Bengal floricans in their infancy resemble women. Males will then turn black once they reach full maturity. 

Best Bengal Florican Reserves 

Bengal Florican Conservation Area (BFCA), Cambodia 

Since the early 2010s, Cambodia has been working to protect its Bengal Florican population.

More than 310 km2 of the Tonle Sap grasslands have been divided into six protected areas by the Cambodian government to protect the Bengal Florican.

These BFCAs assist local residents and wildlife while allowing for extensive development elsewhere.

NGOs and government organizations are collaborating to create management systems for these BFCAs.

There are 6 conservations working across Cambodia to protect the grassland habitat of the Bengal Florican.

Most of their habitat is lost due to industrial farming in the floodplain.

BFCA has aided in working with the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry to prevent any more grassland from being lost. 

Rice farmers and the grassland bird are working to co-exist without causing any more damage to the species. 

Jaldapara National Park, West Bengal 

The Bengal Florican can be found in various areas across India.

Each area that has been spotted as having a population of Bengal Florican has become protected, including the Jaldapara National Park in West Bengal. 

This park was first declared a “Game Sanctuary” as a means of protecting the one-horned Rhino under The Bengal Rhinoceros Preservation Act.

Over the years it has become a large national park that is a refuge for thousands of animals including Elephants and the Bengal Florican. 

The Great Indian One Horned Rhinoceros, together with other creatures like Elephant, Guar, and Sambar, live in wide areas of grasslands in the flood plains of the River Torsa and other small rivers and rivulets, which make up a significant portion of the National Park.

This is also where a thriving population of the Bengal Florican lives freely. 

They have endless open space to live in these grasslands and rivers with plenty of viable food sources. 

Today the Jaldapara National Park is now made up of 8 Territorial Ranges, one Ecotourism Range, one Elephant Squad Range, one Caretaker-Tourist Lodge, 24 Beats, 5 camps, and 22 Watch Tours.

Tourists can come to view the animals in a safe environment where the animals are allowed to roam. 

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Nepal

In 1976, the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve was created to protect the remaining population of Wild Water Buffalo in Nepal.

It is located on the floodplain of the Sapta Koshi River and is the largest wildlife reserve in Nepal. 

In 2004, a large portion of the areas surrounding the reserve was declared as a buffer zone.

Here, the reserve and the communities work together for conservation activities and to manage the natural resources that can be found in the buffer zone. 

Today, there are over 500 species of birds that live in the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, and among them is the Bengal Florican.

It has been recorded that there are less than 100 Bengal Floricans living in Nepal due to the use of its home for resources.

The Kshi Wildlife Reserve is working with the people to reduce and eventually stop the deforestation of the bird’s homes.  

Manas National Park, Assam 

Tucked into the North Eastern corner of India is the wildlife heaven, Manas National Park.

There are 7 national parks and 17 wildlife sanctuaries in the city of Assam making it the perfect place to protect the Bengal Florican. 

Today, Manas Park is home to over 50 species of mammals, 450 species of birds, 50 species of reptiles, and 3 species of amphibians that are all in the wild.

Making this a sanctuary for animals has been a battle as many of the animals here are hunted and poached in the wild. 

Manas National Park is the perfect place to visit some of the rarest and endangered wildlife on the planet and do some relaxing bird watching.

The dense forests and grasslands of the park is home to the largest population of Bengal Floricans along with other rare sights such as the Fishing Eagle and Indian Hornbills. 

Final Thoughts 

Throughout South Asia, the Bengal Florican is being eradicated from its natural habitat for rice farmers and is even hunted.

It is up to us to help protect the remaining population and to aid in the survival of the species. 

Above are some of the best Bengal Florican reserves in the world.

From Assan, India, to Tonle Sap Great Lake, Cambodia, the communities of these areas are coming together to bring this species back from endangerment. 

By providing these birds with protected areas, we can work towards changing laws and improving their habitats while they remain safe and happy. 

Olivia Kepner