11 Interesting Animals In Vermont You May Not Know

Vermont is a state that is in the Northeastern Province of the USA, bordering with Canada.

This was one of the New England states that were established by settlers when they first landed on the shores of America.

11 Interesting Animals In Vermont You May Not Know

However, this state is now a thriving must-see spot in America.

This comes with many famous landmarks such as the original home of Abraham Lincoln and his family, Billings Farm and Museum and Okemo Mountain Resort.

But what about the things outside the man-made? What about wildlife?

What animals are indigenous to Vermont? Which are the most colorful and which are the rarest? What mammals inhabit in Vermont?

Well, we’ve searched the internet for some of the most interesting animals that you might not have seen. Here is a list of 11 Vermont-dwelling animals.

Fun Vermont Facts

But it might be worth knowing a little bit about this state before we look at some of the fauna that exists there.

  • The highest mountain in Vermont is Mount Mansfield, which is around 4393 miles tall. Other mountains in this area include Killington Peak and Mount Ellen.
  • This is the birthplace of the 30th President of the United States Calvin Coolidge, who was born in Plymouth Notch.
  • One of the most famous condiments of this state is maple syrup, which it produces over 2 million gallons of per year. You can often find this in the form of candy, lollipops, and ice cream.
  • If you like ice cream, then you should head on down to the Ben and Jerry’s Factory that is found in Waterbury. They even have ice cream tastings and tours there.
  • Vermont is a prime miner and exporter of granite, marble, and slate, which are all the official state rocks.
  • Vermont is one of the original New England states that included Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.

Now that you have some of the basics of this state, we can delve into some of the amazing wildlife that you might find here.

We’ll go through each animal by species so you can keep track of them all:

11 Interesting Animals in Vermont


1.  Asian Long-Horned Beetle

This dark bug was introduced into the Eastern part of the United States by mistake and was first discovered in 1996.

This creature finds its origins in China and Japan.

The females will lay anywhere between 45 and 62 eggs in their lifetime, which they do by gnawing the bark in a tree and leaving the eggs in pits.

The male and the female beetles can live up to anywhere between 202 and 158 days, respectively.

These insects have a dark body with around 20 white spots on their back, with some banded white stripes around their antennae.

2.  Luna Moth

This is a rather splendid creature that has a pea-green color and smooth and rounded wings.

It also has a very large wingspan that can reach up to a width of around 7 inches.

During mating, the female will usually release sex pheromones that the males will pick up via large antennae.

The female moth will usually release 200 – 400 eggs, which then take around 14 days to gestate into a larva before becoming a cocoon from which the fledgling butterfly emerges.

Some species of this moth are known to make a clicking sound by rubbing their mandible together.

3.  Megachile

This is a breed of solitary bees, also known as leafcutter bees. This bee looks just like any other bee, although it will often make its nest in the hollow of small twigs.

They will often place pollen mixed with nectar here to feed its larvae.

You will notice the presence of this bee by the round cuts that it makes in leaves.

This will also chew petals and parts of leaves to build the walls of their nests. There are over 1500 species of this type of bee.


4.  Cinereus Shrew

This shrew is one of the most widely occurring across the whole of America, and it can be found in parts of Canada.

This shrew is known for its ravenous appetite, and it will eat almost constantly, consuming worms, snails, salamanders, and seeds.

This type of shrew is also prey to many predators including shrikes, herons, snakes, bluebirds, brown trouts, weasels, and even other shrews.

The shrew can eat almost three times its body weight.

5. North American Beaver

This beaver is the largest rodent in North America, with the adults weighing anywhere between 24 to 71 lbs.

This comes with a paddle tail that it uses when it is in the water, as well as webbed feet on its hind legs.

They will often use this tail to slap the ground when they are in danger.

These animals mainly operate at night, and they spend a lot of time in the water as they are more vulnerable on land.

They will often construct their nests (also known as lodges) from twigs, rock, and mud that they gather from the lakes and rivers where they dwell.

6. Big Brown Bat

This is a relatively large bat, although it is classified as a microbat. This has a large and elongated skull along with a flat braincase and a protruding snout.

This has black, hairless wings that it uses to fly at the mouth of caves and in dimly lit urban areas.

This bat will only eat insects, anything from beetles to flies, stone flies, mayflies, true bugs, net-winged insects, scorpion flies, caddisflies, and cockroaches.

The creatures are largely solitary, the females only forming into maternity colonies during the autumn mating season.


7. Brook Trout

This fish has a beautiful look to it, coming with yellow and brown mottling on the top and an orange and red underbelly.

This trout really thrives in subzero temperatures and can be found in streams that have shallow parts and plenty of rocky pools.

This fish will only live up to 3-4 years and will take a long time to grow.

This fish will often feed on bugs that are drifting on the surface of the water. Some of the larger Brook trout will often feed on smaller fish.

8. Mottled Sculpin

This fish is scattered throughout the whole of North America and is the most common fish in the region.

This fish has long spiny dorsal fins and reaches a maximum length of around 5 inches. They will often inhabit waterways that have plenty of gravel riffles and clear streams.

This fish tends to eat bottom-dwelling insects from the water, but they also eat snails, fingernail clams, water mites, sculpin eggs, and other fish.

Because this species is so common throughout North America, there are currently no efforts to protect it.


9. American Goldfinch

This bird is extremely common throughout Vermont and other regions in Northern America, although the male and the female look very different.

The male is a very lively yellow color in the summer but turns a deep olive in the winter, whereas the female dull yellow gets slightly brighter in the summer.

This goldfinch will eat mainly seeds, using its conical beak to sheer the seeds from their heads.

This is a very passive bird that will only demonstrate aggression during the nesting period.

This bird will start breeding during the late summer when the food supply is abundant.

10. Common Loon

This is a diving bird that can often be found in North America, as well as parts of Iceland and Greenland.

Its main diet consists of crabs, aquatic plants, and insect larvae. These birds are completely monogamous and will often breed together for over 10 years.

This bird has a black head that is very broad, with blackish or gray upper parts. This bird gets breeding plumage, which is very white and attention-grabbing.

However, when it is not breeding, it goes dull brown on the neck and the head.

11. Ruby-Throated Hummingbird

As you can probably tell by the name, this hummingbird has a very distinctive red underpart on its neck.

This hummingbird has the classic long, slender beak that it uses to extract nectar from flowers and flowering plants.

It can grow up to 3.5 inches in length with a 4.3-inch wingspan.

The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird is generally quite solitary and will only interact with other birds when it is mating.

This type of bird is polygynous, meaning that it will have more than one partner at a time during mating season.

The oldest known hummingbird of this variety was 9 years old.


Hopefully, this little glossary of some of the best and brightest animals from Vermont will encourage you to look for more online.

There are thousands of species of reptile, mammal, insect, and fish, so you’ll easily spend hours finding them all.

There are also plenty of rarer animals in Vermont, we would recommend looking up the bald eagle, the little brown bat, the timber rattlesnake, the rusty-patched bumblebee, the dwarf wedge mussel and the Canada lynx.

Olivia Kepner