9 Interesting Animals in Indonesia – You Might Not Know

Wondering are there any interesting animals in Indonesia? Indonesia is one of the best destination for wildlife lovers, filled with interesting animals that you won’t find anywhere else. Imagine walking through lush forests and spotting orangutans swinging through the trees in Sumatra or coming face-to-face with the mighty Komodo Dragon in its very own national park.

interesting animals in indonesia

But that’s not all! there are many interesting animals in the national parks of Indonesia. In Tanjung Puting National Park, you might see the funny proboscis monkeys with their big noses. If you love underwater adventures, Raja Ampat is the place to be, with its beautiful coral reefs and colorful fish like the Mandarin Fish.

Each National park in Indonesia has rare and endangered animal species. Whether you want to see big animals, colorful birds, or underwater life, you’ll always be amazed. Indonesia’s wildlife and national parks are a real treat for nature enthusiasts and visitors. So without any further delay, let’s explore the 10 most interesting animals in Indonesia we have gathered in this blog.

Best Places to Find Interesting Animals in Indonesia – (With Interesting Pictures)

Komodo National Park

Komodo National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site situated in Indonesia, is a natural wonder that attracts adventurers and animal lovers. The Komodo National Park is home to many interesting animals in indonesia such as the iconic Komodo Dragon, the world’s largest lizard. This park comprises several islands, including Komodo, Rinca, and Padar.

Komodo National Park

The mesmerizing landscapes of the park are a blend of rugged hills, savannas, and pristine beaches, creating a picturesque setting for unique wildlife encounters. Beyond the prehistoric Komodo Dragon, the park hosts diverse marine life, making it a paradise for snorkelers and divers.

Colorful coral reefs, manta rays, and unique fish species inhabit the surrounding waters. Moreover, trekking through the park offers glimpses of other remarkable animals, from wild buffalo to tropical birds.

komodo Dragon

The scientific name of the Komodo dragon is Varanus komodoensis, and one of the most interesting animals in Indonesia. These reptiles are one of the interesting animals in Indonesia that are thriving in the Komodo National Park, which includes Komodo Island, Rinca Island, Flores, Gili Motang, and Padar. These iconic reptiles are also found on the Lesser Sunda Islands.

interesting animals in indonesia

Their natural habitat includes arid savannas, dry forests, and grassy plains. They can reach up to 10 feet and have sharp claws which help them in powerful bites. However, their bites are weaker than crocodiles.

These remarkable creatures face significant threats, including habitat loss, human-wildlife conflict, and poaching. On the IUCN red list, the Komodo dragons are categorized as “Endangered animals” due to their rapidly declining population.

Ujung kulon National Park

Ujung Kulon National Park is a hidden gem in Indonesia that nature enthusiasts should not miss. It is situated at the westernmost tip of Java, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is a sanctuary of pristine beauty and remarkable biodiversity.

Ujung kulon National Park

Ujung Kulon is famously known as the last refuge of the critically endangered Javan rhinoceros, a species so elusive that spotting one is like finding a treasure. The park’s lush rainforests, which echo with the calls of gibbons and hornbills, give way to stunning coastlines, where serene beaches meet the vibrant, life-rich waters of the Indian Ocean.

With lush trails leading to hidden waterfalls and the park’s commitment to conservation, Ujung Kulon stands as a testament to the rich ecological tapestry of Indonesia.

Anoas – Wild Animals in Indonesia

The Anoa, consisting of two species – the Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis) and the Mountain Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi), is a unique and endangered species of wild buffalo found only in Indonesia. These dwarf buffaloes are closely related to other bovine species, such as cattle, bison, and the more well-known water buffalo.

interesting animals in Indonesia

Anoas are characterized by their compact, sturdy bodies, standing about 70 to 105 centimeters at the shoulder. These are interesting animals in Indonesia and can be recognized by dark brown or black coats. Both males and females possess horns, although those of the males tend to be slightly larger.

In Indonesia, Anoas are primarily found in undisturbed rainforest areas. Some of the national parks where they thrive include Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park and Lore Lindu National Park in Sulawesi, which provide crucial habitats for these animals.

These wild buffaloes are facing significant threats, primarily due to habitat loss from deforestation, as well as hunting for their meat and horns. Consequently, both species of Anoa are listed as “Endangered species” on the IUCN Red List.

Sumatran Rhino

The scientific name of Sumatran rhino is Dicerorhinus sumatrensis. They are one of the most interesting animals in Indonesia, and are critically endangered species in the world, native to parts of Southeast Asia, and Indonesia.

interesting animals in Indonesia

This unique rhinoceros species is closely related to other members of the rhinocerotidae family, such as the African and Indian rhinos. The Sumatran rhino is distinctive in appearance, being the smallest of the living rhinoceroses and the only Asian rhino with two horns.

They have reddish-brown skin covered with coarse, sparse hair, which is quite different from the armor-like skin of their African relatives. These rhinos are found in the Leuser Ecosystem in Sumatra and the Kelian Protected Forest in East Kalimantan.

The population of Sumatran Rhino is decreasing due to severe threats from habitat loss due to rampant deforestation and fragmentation. Additionally, poaching of Sumatran Rhinos for their horns, which are highly valued in traditional medicine and as status symbols. Presently, these Rhinos are classified as “Critically Endangered” on the IUCN Red List.

Borneo Elephant

The scientific name of the Borneo Elephant is Elephas maximus borneensis, is a unique subspecies of the Asian elephant and one of the most interesting animals in Indonesia. They inhabit in the dense rainforests of Borneo, primarily found in the Malaysian state of Sabah and the Indonesian province of East Kalimantan.

interesting animals in Indonesia

Borneo Elephants are closely related to the Asian elephant but are notably smaller with relatively larger ears. Their appearance is characterized by a gentle demeanor, grayish skin, and smaller stature compared to their continental relatives.

Additionally, human-elephant conflicts and poaching further threatened the survival of Borneo Elephant and the IUCN classified the Borneo Elephant as “Endangered species.”

West Bali National Park

The west Bali national park is located on the western tip of Bali, Indonesia. It is a captivating blend of diverse ecosystems and rich biodiversity. Spanning over 190 square kilometers, this protected area encompasses mangrove forests, savannahs, and coral-rich coastal areas.

West Bali National Park

Home to a myriad of flora and fauna, the park shelters endangered species such as the Bali Starling and the Java Deer. The lush landscapes offer a haven for birdwatchers, with over 160 species of birds, including the elusive Bali Starling, a striking white bird with azure eyes.

With its pristine beaches, like Menjangan Island, and historical landmarks like the Pura Gili Manuk temple, the park is not just a haven for nature enthusiasts but also a cultural and historical treasure trove.

Bali Starling

The scientific name of Bali starling is Leucopsar rothschildi. It is a striking bird indigenous to the island of Bali, Indonesia. This rare species is closely related to other members of the starling family, known for their social nature and diverse vocalizations.

interesting animals in indonesia

The Bali Starling is distinguished by its brilliant white plumage, accented with a tuft of feathers on its head and striking blue skin around the eyes. Black tips on the wings and tail add to its distinctive appearance.

You can spot them in the West Bali National Park, and their natural habitat includes dry, open woodland and savannah-like habitat of the park. Sadly, the Bali Starling population is declining due to habitat loss and, more critically, from illegal poaching for the pet trade. Currently, the Bali Starling is classified as “Critically Endangered” on the IUCN Red List.

kerinci Seblat National Park

Kerinci Seblat National Park, sprawling across four provinces in Sumatra, Indonesia. It is one of the largest national parks in Southeast Asia, covering over 13,000 square kilometers, and forms the backbone of the Bukit Barisan Mountain Range.

kerinci Seblat National Park

The park is renowned for its rich tropical rainforests, which are home to an astounding array of wildlife. Among its most famous inhabitants are the critically endangered Sumatran tigers, elusive Sumatran rhinoceros, and vibrant birdlife, including the striking hornbills.

This park is not just a wildlife haven but also a realm of majestic landscapes. It encompasses the highest volcano in Indonesia, Mount Kerinci, a magnet for trekkers seeking breathtaking views.

Sumatran Tigers – Rarest Animals

The Sumatran Tigers are one of the interesting animals in Indonesia, and scientifically called Panthera tigris sumatrae. It is a critically endangered subspecies of tiger native to the Indonesian island of Sumatra. This wild big cat is closely related to other tiger species and is recognized for its distinct characteristics.

interesting animals in indonesia

They are smaller in size compared to other tiger subspecies, the Sumatran Tiger possesses darker fur and more closely spaced stripes. Their unique appearance is an adaptation to the dense forests they inhabit. Where to spot these rare animals in Indonesia?

These elusive creatures thrive in various national parks in Indonesia, such as Kerinci Seblat National Park and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, where conservation efforts are ongoing to protect their habitats.

Sumatran Orangutan

The Sumatran Orangutans are interesting animals in indonesia. They are closely related to the Bornean Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) and the recently recognized Tapanuli Orangutan (Pongo tapanuliensis).

interesting animals in indonesia

They have distinctive reddish-brown hair, Sumatran Orangutans have longer facial hair and a more slender build compared to their Bornean counterparts. Males are notable for their prominent cheek flaps, which amplify their long calls.

Their natural habitat includes the lush rainforests of Sumatra, particularly thriving in protected areas like the Gunung Leuser National Park and the Batang Toru forest.

Tamaraw – Critically Endangered Species

The Tamaraws are interesting animals in Indonesia. These small buffalo species are native to the island of Mindoro in the Philippines. The Tamaraw is closely related to other buffalo species, such as the more widespread water buffalo and the anoa, found in Indonesia.

interesting animals in indonesia

They have robust build and distinctive backward-curving horns, the Tamaraw is smaller than its relatives, standing at around one meter at the shoulder. Its coat ranges from dark brown to ash gray, providing effective camouflage in its grassland habitat.

Unfortunately, the Tamaraw population faces severe threats, primarily from habitat loss due to agriculture and human settlement, as well as illegal hunting.

Lore Lindu National Park

Lore Lindu National Park, located in the heart of Sulawesi Island, Indonesia. There are mesmerizing landscapes in the park, and covers an area of over 2,290 square kilometers. This national park is a mosaic of lush rainforests, mountainous terrains, and deep valleys, offering a haven for biodiversity and adventure seekers.

Lore Lindu National Park

The park is home to an interesting animals in indonesia, including rare and endemic species like the Anoa (a dwarf buffalo), the Sulawesi Serow, and several species of Macaques and Tarsiers. Bird enthusiasts can enjoy the presence of over 230 bird species, including the peculiar Maleo bird, known for its unique nesting behavior.

For those who love trekking and exploring, the park’s diverse landscapes offer challenging trails that lead to stunning waterfalls and breathtaking viewpoints.

Cendrawasih / Birds-of-paradise (Endemic Birds of Indonesia)

The Cendrawasih, also known as the Birds-of-Paradise, belongs to the family Paradisaeidae, with various species displaying a spectacular array of colors and plumage patterns.

interesting animals in indonesia

These birds are native to Papua New Guinea and parts of Eastern Indonesia, including the Maluku Islands and Eastern Papua, where they thrive in rainforests and cloud forests.

In Indonesia, they are particularly prominent in national parks like Lorentz National Park and Wasur National Park. They are closely related to the crow family (Corvidae), but they are most famous for their unique and elaborate courtship displays, which involve complex dances, poses, and vocalizations, often performed by the brilliantly plumed males.

Unfortunately, these endemic birds are categorized as critically endangered due to habitat loss and illegal pet trade.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are some extinct animals in Indonesia?

The list of extinct animals includes the Sulawesi dwarf elephant, giant rats, a giant boar, and a few subspecies of the tiger

What unique animals are in Indonesia?

Komodo dragons, Sumatran tiger, Orangutan, Anoa, Sumatran Orangutan, Bali starlings, Rhinoceros are some unique animals thriving in Indonesia.

What is the rarest animal in Indonesia?

Komodo Dragon, Anoa, Badak Jawa, Harimau Sumatra, Beruk Mentawai, Burung Bidadari Halmahera and Jalak Bali are rarest animals in Indonesia.

What is the national animal of Indonesia?

Komodo dragon is the national animals of Indonesia.

What is the largest animal in Indonesia?

Sumatran elephant is the largest animal in Indonesia.

Olivia Kepner